2018年9月世界编程语言排名

2018-09-25 浏览量:313

TIOBE Index for September 2018

September Headline: Python enters the TIOBE index top 3 for the first time

Python has entered the TIOBE index top 3 for the first time in its history. This really took a long time. At the beginning of the 1990s it entered the chart. Then it took another 10 years before it reached the TIOBE index top 10 for the first time. After that it slowly but surely approached the top 5 and eventually the top 3. Python is becoming increasingly ubiquitous. It is already the first choice at universities (for all kinds of subjects for which programming is demanded) and is now also conquering the industrial world. Python's selling points are easy to learn, easy to install and easy to deploy. Other interesting moves this month are: Rust jumps from #36 to #31, Groovy from #44 to #34 and Julia from #50 to #39.

IMPORTANT NOTE. SQL has been added again to the TIOBE index since February 2018. The reason for this is that SQL appears to be Turing complete. As a consequence, there is no recent history for the language and thus it might seem that the SQL language is rising very fast. This is not the case.

The TIOBE Programming Community index is an indicator of the popularity of programming languages. The index is updated once a month. The ratings are based on the number of skilled engineers world-wide, courses and third party vendors. Popular search engines such as Google, Bing, Yahoo!, Wikipedia, Amazon, YouTube and Baidu are used to calculate the ratings. It is important to note that the TIOBE index is not about the best programming language or the language in which most lines of code have been written.

The index can be used to check whether your programming skills are still up to date or to make a strategic decision about what programming language should be adopted when starting to build a new software system. The definition of the TIOBE index can be found here.

Sep 2018 Sep 2017 Change Programming Language Ratings Change
1 1   Java 17.436% +4.75%
2 2   C 15.447% +8.06%
3 5 change Python 7.653% +4.67%
4 3 change C++ 7.394% +1.83%
5 8 change Visual Basic .NET 5.308% +3.33%
6 4 change C# 3.295% -1.48%
7 6 change PHP 2.775% +0.57%
8 7 change JavaScript 2.131% +0.11%
9 - change SQL 2.062% +2.06%
10 18 change Objective-C 1.509% +0.00%
11 12 change Delphi/Object Pascal 1.292% -0.49%
12 10 change Ruby 1.291% -0.64%
13 16 change MATLAB 1.276% -0.35%
14 15 change Assembly language 1.232% -0.41%
15 13 change Swift 1.223% -0.54%
16 17 change Go 1.081% -0.49%
17 9 change Perl 1.073% -0.88%
18 11 change R 1.016% -0.80%
19 19   PL/SQL 0.850% -0.63%
20 14 change Visual Basic 0.682% -1.07%

 


Other programming languages

The complete top 50 of programming languages is listed below. This overview is published unofficially, because it could be the case that we missed a language. If you have the impression there is a programming language lacking, please notify us at tpci@tiobe.com. Please also check the overview of all programming languages that we monitor.

Position Programming Language Ratings
21 SAS 0.645%
22 Dart 0.585%
23 D 0.564%
24 Scratch 0.539%
25 F# 0.498%
26 COBOL 0.492%
27 Scala 0.471%
28 ABAP 0.433%
29 Fortran 0.415%
30 Lua 0.405%
31 Rust 0.396%
32 Transact-SQL 0.316%
33 Lisp 0.308%
34 Groovy 0.298%
35 LabVIEW 0.269%
36 Prolog 0.265%
37 Ada 0.255%
38 Logo 0.251%
39 Julia 0.242%
40 Haskell 0.218%
41 Apex 0.214%
42 Kotlin 0.213%
43 Bash 0.192%
44 Ladder Logic 0.190%
45 Alice 0.179%
46 Tcl 0.172%
47 Clojure 0.152%
48 PostScript 0.152%
49 Scheme 0.150%
50 Awk 0.147%

The Next 50 Programming Languages

The following list of languages denotes #51 to #100. Since the differences are relatively small, the programming languages are only listed (in alphabetical order).

  • 4th Dimension/4D, ABC, ActionScript, bc, Bourne shell, C shell, CFML, CL (OS/400), CoffeeScript, Common Lisp, Crystal, cT, Elixir, Elm, Emacs Lisp, Erlang, Forth, Hack, Icon, Inform, Io, J, Korn shell, LiveCode, Maple, Mercury, ML, Modula-2, Monkey, MQL4, MS-DOS batch, MUMPS, NATURAL, OCaml, OpenCL, OpenEdge ABL, Oz, PL/I, PowerShell, Q, Racket, Ring, RPG, S, Snap!, SPARK, SPSS, Tex, TypeScript, VHDL

 


This Month's Changes in the Index

This month the following changes have been made to the definition of the index:

  • There are lots of mails that still need to be processed. As soon as there is more time available your mail will be answered. Please be patient.

 

Very Long Term History

To see the bigger picture, please find below the positions of the top 10 programming languages of many years back. Please note that these are averagepositions for a period of 12 months.

Programming Language 2018 2013 2008 2003 1998 1993 1988
Java 1 2 1 1 16 - -
C 2 1 2 2 1 1 1
C++ 3 4 3 3 2 2 4
Python 4 7 6 11 23 17 -
C# 5 5 7 8 - - -
Visual Basic .NET 6 11 - - - - -
JavaScript 7 9 8 7 20 - -
PHP 8 6 4 5 - - -
Ruby 9 10 9 18 - - -
Delphi/Object Pascal 10 13 10 9 - - -
Perl 14 8 5 4 3 11 -
Objective-C 15 3 40 56 - - -
Ada 29 19 18 15 13 5 3
Fortran 30 25 22 12 5 3 15
Lisp 31 12 16 13 7 6 2

Programming Language Hall of Fame

The hall of fame listing all "Programming Language of the Year" award winners is shown below. The award is given to the programming language that has the highest rise in ratings in a year. 

Year Winner
2017 medal C
2016 medal Go
2015 medal Java
2014 medal JavaScript
2013 medal Transact-SQL
2012 medal Objective-C
2011 medal Objective-C
2010 medal Python
2009 medal Go
2008 medal C
2007 medal Python
2006 medal Ruby
2005 medal Java
2004 medal PHP
2003 medal C++

 

 

文章来源于:https://www.tiobe.com/tiobe-index/

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